GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Checking out apparel or accessories and wondering what Waterproof is vs. Water Resistant or what Rib Knit & Jersey Knit mean or what the difference is between Pima and Combed Cotton? Well here is where you can find your answer. Below you will find descriptions/definitions for everything from Antimicrobial to Wrinkle-Free and more. If you don’t find the definition you are looking for or just have other questions, please Contact Us!

1-9, A-B | C-D | E-H | I-M | N-P | Q-S | T-Z

A1-9, A-B

1×1 Rib. Also 2×2 rib knit trim. The width of each rib is the same as the width between each rib. This helps the garment retain its elasticity.

2×1 Rib Knit. Textured rib knit with a comfortable stretch—made to be worn alone or layered.

4-Needle Stitching. A finish commonly used on a sleeve or bottom hem that uses four needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching, giving the garment a cleaner, more finished look, as well as adding durability.

Air Mesh. Amesh that has multiple layers to allow air to pass through the fabric.

All-Weather Microfiber. Fabric that is tightly woven from an extremely fine poly thread with a sueded finish for a luxuriously supple feel. When combined with waterproof coating and full seam sealing, microfiber is 100% waterproof. 100% polyester.

Antimicrobial. A term used for a garment that is able to resist, either naturally or chemically, the effects of microbial secretions put off by the human body, resisting odor and increasing garment life.

Anti-Pill Finish. A treatment applied to garments primarily to resist the formation of little balls on the fabric’s surface due to abrasion during wear. See Pilling.

B-Dry Core. A category of Badger made out of 3.5-oz polyester with moisture-wicking and anti-microbial performance.

Back Yoke. A piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders. This allows the garment to lay flat and drape nicely.

Badger Tech. A category of apparel of extremely soft fabric, as if ring-spun, combed cotton. All TECH performance is made out of a new 4.1-oz polyester and spandex performance fabric.

Ballistic Nylon. A thick, durable, synthetic nylon fabric.

Bartack. To reinforce a seam with a bar of stitches, providing a more durable seam end. Commonly used at stress points.

Basket Weave. A variation of the plain weave in which two or more threads are woven side by side to resemble a “basket” look. Fabrics have a loose construction and loose appearance.

Birdseye Jacquard. A small geometric pattern with a center dot knit into the fabric.

Blend. A yarn or a fabric that is made up of more than one type of fiber.

Breathability. The movement of water or water vapor from one side of the fabric to the other, caused by capillary action, wicking, chemical or electrostatic action.

Breeze Knit. A garment-washed cool knit. By garment washing, the cool knit gets a softer hand and reduced shrinkage.

Broadcloth. A close plain-weave fabric made of cotton, rayon or a blend of cotton or rayon with polyester.

Brushed. A finishing process for knit or woven fabrics in which brushes or other abrading devices are used to raise a nap on fabrics or create a novelty surface texture.

Buckram Backing. A stiff fabric used to give shape and form to items like caps, belts, etc. Also used to stabilize embroidery edges.

Burnout. Usually a blended fabric (cotton/poly for instance) treated with a chemical to slightly dissolve one fiber in the cloth. The result is a sheer, lacy design often giving the fabric a vintage, worn-in feel. Because of this process, each garment is unique, and similar to tie-dyed or pigment-dyed fabric, there is often variations in the design and color.

C-D

Calendaring. Essentially an ironing process that adds sheen to the fabric by the use of heavy rollers (or calendars), pressure and steam heat.

Canvas. A strong, firm, heavyweight, and closely woven fabric. Usually made of cotton.

Cap Sleeve. A very short sleeve that hangs over the shoulder but does not extend beyond the armhole on the underside, often used for ladies’ fashion tees.

Carding. The manufacturing process of drawing out and arranging the cotton fibers in a parallel fashion while removing impurities in the fibers. Carding is less expensive and less labor intensive than combing cotton, but results in a slightly coarser texture.

Cashmere. A luxury fiber obtained from the soft fleecy undergrowth of the Kashmir goat. Prized for its warmth and its softness, cashmere is most commonly used in sweaters, shawls, suits, coats and dresses.

Casual Microfiber. Tightly woven fabric from a very fine polyester thread, usually with a sueded finish for a soft feel. Inherently water repellent and wind resistant due to its construction. 100% polyester microfiber.

Chambray. A plain weave fabric, usually of cotton or rayon, or a blend of these.

Chino Cotton. A coarse twilled cotton fabric used for uniforms and sometimes work or sports clothes.

Combed. A process by which the short fibers of a yarn are removed and the remaining longer fibers are arranged in parallel order for a high quality yarn with excellent strength, fineness and uniformity.

Combed Cotton. Cotton yarn that has been combed to remove short fibers and to straighten or arrange longer fibers in parallel order.

Constructed Cap. A constructed cap has buckram backing.

Cool Knit. A variation of pique that results in a different texture and surface appearance. It resembles a “waffle” pattern.

Cool Mesh™ Technology. Similar to a pique knit but with a more open texture for increased breathability. Features a soft hand for better comfort.

Cotton. Soft vegetable fiber obtained from the seedpod of the cotton plant.

Coverseamed. A finish in which two needles are used to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It is used around the neck, armholes, waistband and wrists of garments to create a cleaner, more durable finish.

Dazzle. A lightweight fabric that easily allows the body to receive ventilation during physical activity. Dazzle fabric is distinguished by the pattern of tiny holes in the weave of the material. Often made of synthetic fibers as well as cotton/synthetic blends, the look of dazzle wear is usually somewhat sleek and shiny.

Denier. A system of measuring the weight of a continuous filament fiber. The lower the number, the finer the fiber; the higher the number, the heavier the fiber.

Double Knit. A circular knit fabric knitted via double stitch on a double needle frame to provide a double thickness.

Double-Needle Stitching. A finish commonly used on a sleeve or bottom hem that uses two needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching, giving the garment a cleaner, more finished look, as well as adding durability.

Down. The soft, fluffy under feathers of ducks and geese. Services as an excellent thermal insulator and padding for bedding, sleeping bags and outerwear.

Draw Cord. A cord or ribbon run through a hem or casing and pulled to tighten or close an opening or drawstring.

Drop Seam. A seam that is cut and lays below the shoulder of the garment.

Dri-Mesh® Polyester. The double layer mesh construction releases heat and sweat, while maintaining breathability. 100% polyester double mesh.

Drop Needle. A knit fabric characterized by vertical lines within the cloth. Manufactured by dropping a needle from the knitting cylinder.

Drop Tail. A longer back than front for the purpose of keeping the shirt tucked in. Also referred to as Extended Tail.

Dry Zone™ Technology. A double-layer polyester fabrication that wicks moisture away from the body.

Durahyde. A durable synthetic polyurethane leather-like material.

Dyed-To-Match. A term which characterizes buttons or trims that are the same color as the garment onto which they are sewn.

E-H

Egyptian Cotton. Cultivated in Egypt’s Nile River Valley, this cotton is considered the best cotton in the world. The particular growing season gives the cotton the longest and strongest fibers, making it ideal for weaving into smooth, strong yarn. Commonly used in high-end towels and linens.

End-on-End. A weave pattern in which the warp yarn (the yard running lengthwise) alternates between colors.

Enzyme Washed. A laundering process in which a catalytic substance is added to create a chemical change in the fabric resulting in a very soft finish, smoother appearing surface and reduced shrinkage.

Etched Tone Buttons. A more upscale horn tone button with an etched pattern.

Extended Tail. A longer back than front for the purpose of keeping the shirt tucked in. Also referred to as Drop Tail.

Eyelets. Small holes or perforations made in a series to allow for breathability. Finished with either stitching or brass grommets.

EZCotton™ Pique. Made from the highest grade of long-staple cotton, this fabric has an innovative finish that provides a consistently softer hand, enhanced smoothness, color fastness, wrinkle resistance and shape retention. 100% cotton.

Fabric Memory. A term used for cotton fabric. When washing instructions are followed, it will always come back looking as if it were brand new.

Face Yarn. The exterior yarn of a fleece garment.

Fifty/Fifty (50/50). Signifies that the items is 50 percent cotton/50 percent polyester fabric; also referred to as “polycotton”.

Fleece. A fabric with a pile or napped surface, sometimes of a unit construction; commonly used in sweats.

Full Cut. Refers to a garment’s fit as being generous and roomy.

Fused Lining. A lining that is fused to the two outer plies with solvent, heat and pressure. It’s used to stabilize or stiffen parts of a garment, such as a pocket or collar.

Gabardine. A firm hard-finish durable fabric, twilled with diagonal ribbon

Garment Dyed. A dyeing process that occurs after the garment is assembled.

Garment Washed. A wash process where softeners are added to finished garments to help the cotton fibers relax. The result is a fabric with a thicker appearance, reduced shrinkage and a softer hand.

Grommet. An eyelet of firm material to strengthen or protect an opening.

Gusset. Triangular inserts in sleeve seams to widen and strengthen. Also used in tote, and other bags, to provide depth to the tote/bag.

Hand. Quality or characteristic of fabrics perceived by sense of touch—softness, firmness or drapability.

Heat-seal label (tagless labels). The information displayed on a label is heat stamped or printed onto the garment to avoid an itchy attached label.

Heather. A yarn that is spun using pre-dyed fibers. These fibers are blended together to give a particular look. (For example, black and white may be blended together to create a gray heathered yarn.) The term, heather, may also be used to describe the fabric made from heathered yarns.

Heavyweight. In the decorating industry this would be fabric that is listed as 8 ounces or lighter for fleece and 5.6 ounce or less for t-shirts.

Henley Style. A shirt featuring a banded neck and button placket; may be ribbed.

Herringbone. A chevron or zig-zag pattern knit into fabric. Commonly used in golf shirts and twill shirts.

High Profile. A term used for a cap or hat silhouette that is less fitted to the head with a high slope. Usually structured with buckram or other stiff fabric lining.

Honeycomb Pique Knit. A pique fabric with a waffle or cellular appearance.

Horn Tone Buttons. Buttons that appear to be manufactured from horn.

Houndstooth. A medium-sized broken check effect that is knit into the fabric.

I-M

IL50 (Industrial Laundry). Signifies that a garment has been certified to withstand at least 50 industrial laundry cycles, which are typically about ten times more strenuous than a home wash.

Interlock Knit. A two-ply fabric knit simultaneously to form one thicker and heavier ply. It has more natural stretch than a jersey knit, a soft hand, and the same appearance and feel on both sides. Commonly used in knit shirts and turtlenecks.

Iridescent Buttons. Buttons with a lustrous, rainbow-like hue.

Jacquard Knit. Often an intricate pattern knit directly into the fabric during the manufacturing process. Typically, two or more colors are used.

Jersey Knit. The consistent interloping of yarns in the jersey stitch to produce a fabric with a smooth, flat face and a more textured, but uniform back.

Linen. A fabric made from linen fibers obtained from inside the woody stem of the flax plant. Linen fibers are much stronger and more lustrous than cotton. Linen fabrics are very cool and absorbent, but wrinkle easily, unless blended with manufactured fibers.

Locker Loop. A looped piece of fabric in the neck of a garment for the convenience of hanging the garment on a hook. Can also be located at the center of the back yoke on the inside or outside of a garment.

Locker Patch. A semi-oval panel sewn into the inside back portion of a garment, just under the collar seam to reinforce the garment and minimize stretching when hung on a hook. The patch also allows for the garment tag or label to be sewn below the neckline to help prevent irritation.

Low Profile. A term used for a cap or hat silhouette that is more closely fitted to the head. Can be either structured or unstructured.

Lycra® Fiber. INVISTA’s trademark for a synthetic fabric material with the elastic properties of spandex.

Matte Taslan. A durable and water repellent nylon fabric, used mainly in outerwear garments. Same properties and hand as traditional Taslan, but with a dull, matte finish.

Melamine. A highly resistant, exceptionally strong plastic laminate material sometimes used in buttons.

Melange. A mix of different colors of yarns knit together to create a heathered effect.

Mercerized. The result of a process in which cotton yarn or fabric is immersed in a caustic soda solution and later neutralized with an acid bath. This process increases luster, strength and affinity for dyes.

Mesh. A type of fabric characterized by its net-like open appearance and the spaces between the yarns. Mesh is available in a variety of constructions, including wovens, knits, laces or crocheted fabrics.

Microfiber. Tightly woven fabric from a very fine polyester thread, usually with a sueded finish for a soft feel. Inherently water repellent and wind resistant due to its construction.

Microfleece. Crafted from ultra-fine yarn, this lightweight, high-density fleece is brushed less than a regular fleece garment for a tight look, excellent softness and warmth. 100% polyester microfleece.

Mid Profile. A term used for a cap or hat silhouette that is in between that of a High Profile and Low Profile. Most often structured with buckram.

Modern Stretch Cotton. A breathable fabric made from a blend of cotton and spandex to provide a flattering stretch. 96% cotton. 4% spandex.

Moisture Wicking. A fabric that actually draws moisture from perspiration away from the skin to the surface of the garment where it can evaporate more quickly and easily. Apparel made with Moisture Wicking are ideal not just for athletes and teams, but also for general wear because they help keep the wearers feeling fresh and dry

Mother of Pearl Buttons. Buttons made from Mother of Pearl. Also known as nacre, mother of pearl is strong, resilient and iridescent.

Mothwing Camo. A camouflage that utilizes biological patterns and visual deceptive aspects of the Moth species with natural accents and cryptic colorations.

N-P

Nailhead. A jacquard knitting pattern in which the jacquard forms a design similar to small nail heads.

Nap. A fuzzy, fur-like feel created when fiber ends extend from the basic fabric structure to the fabric surface. The fabric can be napped on one or both sides.

Neoprene. A synthetic rubber that is resistant to oils and aging

Non-Iron. A term characterizing fabric that has been chemically treated to resist wrinkles, eliminating the need for ironing.

Nublend™ Fleece (JERZEES). A combined knitting and spinning process developed by JERZEES® for the prevention of pilling.

Nylon. A synthetic fiber with high strength and abrasion resistance, low absorbency and good elasticity.

One-ply Yarn. One strand of thread is used to form the yarn that is woven into terry loops.

Open-End Yarn. A process that eliminates some manufacturing steps needed for ring-spun yarn. This cost-saving process is passed on to the garments produced.

Organic Perfect Weight Cotton. With the same relaxed drape and comfortable stretch of Perfect Weight, this fabric is made from certified organic cotton for a hypoallergenic and biodegradable fabric. 100% certified organic ring spun combed cotton.

Ottoman. A tightly woven, horizontal raised rib textured knit.

Ounces Per Square Yard. A measurement of fabric weight, a weight that customers usually ask for when making a comparison to competitive brands.

Overdyed. A process in which yarn-dyed fabrics or piece-dyed garments are put through an additional dye color to create unique colors.

Oxford. A fine, lightweight woven cotton or cotton blend fabric with a 2×1 basket weave variation. Typically used for dress shirts.

Patch Pocket. A pocket attached to the outside of a garment.

Peach Finish. A soft hand (feel) usually obtained by sanding the fabric lightly; it can be achieved with chemical or laundry abrasion.

Peruvian Pima Cotton. Often referred to as the “cashmere of cotton” the softest, smoothest, “silkiest” fabric you can wear. Shrinkage standard for Peruvian Pima fabrics is a maximum of 5 x 5 if the garment is washed following directions on the label.

Pearlized Buttons. Buttons that have a pearl-colored hue.

Pebble Fleece. Polyester pique fleece with a subtle texture resembling cobblestones or pebbles.

Perfect Weight Cotton. This lightweight fine knit cotton has a relaxed drape and a comfortable stretch. 100% ring spun combed cotton.

Pewter Buttons. Buttons that have a dull, metallic hue.

Pewter and Horn Tone Buttons. Buttons that incorporate pewter and horn tone. Usually one encompasses the other.

Piece Dyed. A dyeing process that occurs when the fabric is in yardage form after it has been knitted or woven, but before the garment is assembled.

Pigment Dyed. A type of dye process used to create a distressed or washed look that results in soft, muted tones and a soft hand.

Pilling. A tangled ball of fibers that appears on the surface of a fabric as a result of wear or continued friction or rubbing on the surface of the fabric.

PimaCool™ Technology. A blend of Pima cotton and polyester create a soft fabric that offers performance moisture wicking and breathability. 55% Pima cotton. 45% polyester.

Pima Cotton. A term applied to extra-long staple cotton grown in the U.S., Peru, Israel and Australia. It can only be grown in select areas where the cotton is fully irrigated and benefits from a longer growing season for a softer, stronger cotton than standard cotton.

Pima-Tek™ Knit. A unique two-layer jersey knit construction that is designed to transfer sweat to the outer layer for moisture wicking. 60% long-staple Pima cotton. 35% polyester. 5% spandex.

Piping. A narrow tube of fabric, sometimes enclosing a cord, used for trimming seams and edges as an added fashion detail.

Pique Knit. A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface that appears similar to a waffle weave. Commonly used for polo shirts.

Placket. The part of a shirt or jacket where the garment fastens or buttons together.

Ply. Two or more yarns that have been twisted together.

Polar Fleece. A fleece knitted using 100% fine denier polyester yarns. The pile is napped on the front and back to promote a very soft hand with exceptional loft. This is a fine denier knit that also allows the fabric to dry quickly.

Polyester. A strong, durable synthetic fabric with high strength and excellent resiliency. Low moisture absorbency allows the fabric to dry quickly.

Poly-Filled. A warm polyester lining found in the body or sleeves of outerwear garments. It has more loft than a regular nylon lining.

Polynosic. A type of microfiber that features similar characteristics to cotton and silk with excellent luster and very little shrinkage.

Polyurethane Coating (PU Coating). A finish commonly used in winter jackets, rainwear and windwear to offer high performance water resistance, while maintaining the garment’s breathability.

Popcorn Pique. Alternating rows of baby pique knit and a larger pique knit that resembles small circles knit closely together.

Poplin. A tightly woven, durable, medium-weight cotton or cotton blend made by using a rib variation of the plain weave which creates a slight ridge effect.

Port Pocket™ Access. A zipper entry pocket that allows the garment to be hooped and embroidered with no exposure on the inside lining of the garment.

Posi-Charge Mesh. Water-soluble dye process that breaks apart, or ionizes, in the dyeing solution to give off a positively charged colored ion. The cationic ions dye the polyester fibers by linking with the acid groups on the fibers – locking in the color. This results in a better, bleed-resistant, colorfastness.

Pre-Shrunk. Fabrics or garments that are preshrunk (usually cotton) are more likely to retain their shape and size because, before the garment is manufactured, the fabric is subjected to a shrinking process to reduce the amount of shrinking during laundering.

Princess Seams. Short, stitched folds that taper to a point, typically used to shape women’s garments.

Print Pro™ Process (Hanes). A fleece knitting process developed by Hanes® that creates a tighter knit for a better printing surface.

PVC. A polyurethane coating that is added to make garments water resistant.

Q-S

Quarter Turned. An additional manufacturing process where the mill rotates 1/4 of a turn to put a crease on the side of the product rather then the front of the product.

Quilting. A fabric construction in which a layer of down or fiberfill is placed between two layers of fabric, and then held in place by stitching or sealing in a consistent, all-over pattern.

Raglan Sleeves. An athletic cut sleeve set with a diagonal seam from the neck to the underarm. Offers more freedom of movement in comparison with set-in sleeves.

Ramie. A strong, staple fiber of cellulose yielded by the inner bark of the ramie plant. It’s often used as a less expensive substitute for linen or cotton, and is usually blended with cotton, flax or silk.

Rapid Dry™ Technology. Designed with a unique weave to wick away moisture from the body.

Rayon. A manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose, derived from wood pulp, cotton linters or other vegetable matter, with a soft hand. Frequently used for shirts and pants.

Resin Treatment. The addition of thermosetting resins applied in the finishing process, used to control the shrinkage of a fabric and add durable press characteristics.

Reverse Placket. When the buttons on a placket are on the opposite side from a men’s garment. Commonly done on women’s styles.

Reverse Weave. A popular fabric in athletic sweatshirts; for example, many Champion sweatshirts are made with the grain of the fabric running sideways instead of vertically, and includes side panels to help maintain its shape and fight shrinking

Rib Knit. A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical lines. It is highly elastic and retains its shape. Commonly used for sleeve and neck bands.

Ringspun. Yarn made by continuously twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The twisting makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.

Rip-Stop Nylon. A lightweight, wind and water resistant plain weave fabric with large rib yarns that stop tears without adding excess weight. Often used in activewear.

Running Stitch. A stitch that is spaced equally, with the underside stitching being half the length of the external side.

R-Tek™ Fleece. An exclusive lightweight microfleece with a soft, plush hand and an anti-pill finish to resist pilling. 100% polyester.

Sandwashed. A process in which the fabric is washed with very fine lava rocks or rubber/silicon balls, resulting in a softer fabric with a relaxed look and reduced shrinkage.

Scoop Neck. Characterized by a deep, rounded neckline that is significantly deeper than normal necklines. Typically found on women’s shirts.

Sculpted Hem. A hem that is softly rounded for fashion detail and un-tucked wear.

Seam Sealing. The process of treating the stitch holes and seams of a garment to prevent leaking and to ensure full waterproof integrity.

Seamless Collar. A collar that is knit in a circle and is set in circular. There are no joining seams on the collar, found in better-made t-shirts.

Self-Fabric Collar. A collar that is constructed from the same material as the body of the garment.

Self-Fabric Sweatband. Refers to a panel of fabric at the front of a cap that is constructed from the same fabric as the crown of the cap.

Serge. An overcasting technique done on the cut edge of the fabric to prevent unraveling.

Set-In Sleeves. Most common style of sleeve, which is sewn into the shoulder seam.

Sherpa Fleece. A knit terry fabric that has been brushed and washed to raise the fibers for a fluffy, plush feel. The thick terry loops stay soft and absorbent over time.

Side Seams. Seams that join the front and back together. This feature is not found on T-shirts and some placket shirts.

Single-Needle. A stitch, requiring a single needle and thread, characterized by its straight-line pathway. A single-needle shoulder seam has been finished with a visible row of stitching, single needle, for additional reinforcement and fashion.

Side Vents. Slits found at the bottom of side seams, used for fashion detailing, as well as comfort and ease of movement.

Silk. A natural filament fiber produced by the silkworm in the construction of its cocoon. The shimmering appearance for which silk is prized comes from the fiber’s triangular, prism-like structure, which allows silk fabric to refract incoming light at different angles. Silk is recognized for its fine hand and fluid drape.

Singles. A term used to indicate the diameter of a yarn. The smaller the number, the thicker the yarn.

Slash Pockets. A pocket in a garment to which access is provided by a vertical or diagonal slit in the outside of the garment.

Slub Cotton. A soft, textured cotton that is lightweight without being overly sheer. 100% slub cotton jersey.

Soft Shell. A fabrication that combines the benefits of hard shell fabrics with a breathable, flexible and comfortable fabric.

Soil Release Finish. A fabric treatment that helps a garment release stains in the wash.

Spandex. A manufactured elastometric fiber that can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking and will still recover to its original length.

Sport-Wick Fleece. An anti-static fleece that provides moisture wicking by releasing moisture from the inner layers.

Stain Resistance. A fiber or fabric property of resisting spots and stains. Commonly used for industrial or restaurant uniforms.

Stonewashed. A process in which the fabric or garment is heavily washed with lava rocks or rubber/silicon balls, resulting in a softer fabric with a distressed, weathered look and reduced shrinkage.

Storm Flap. A piece of fabric that covers and protects an opening, usually a zipper, on an item of clothing. It is designed to add another barrier on more vulnerable parts of the clothing to protect against wind and moisture.

Structured. A headwear term referring to a buckram lining used to control the slope of the cap.

Sueded. A process in which fabric goes through a brushing process to raise the nap and give the garment a soft hand.

Super Heavyweight Fleece. A 12-ounce cross-grain heavyweight fleece. 80% ring spun combed cotton. 20% polyester.

Supima Cotton. Supima is a licensed trademark owned by Supima and its members, used to promote apparel products made of 100% American Pima Cotton.

T-Z

Taffeta. A crisp plain-woven lustrous fabric of various fibers used especially for women’s clothing

Taped Seams. A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion. In outerwear, taped seams aid in waterproofing.

Taslan. A 100% nylon fabrication with a water-resistant coating that has been woven as a twill and washed to provide a soft hand. It is durable and water repellent with a slightly shiny surface, used mainly in outerwear garments.

Tencel. A brand name for the generic fiber Lyocell, which is made from dissolved wood pulp that is then exuded. Lyocell is chemically identical to rayon, but its molecular structure gives it the texture, drape and softness of silk.

Terra-Tek™ Nylon. Durable and water repellent with a matte finish.

Terry Velour. A pile weave cotton fabric with an uncut pile on one side and a cut pile on the reverse side. It has a soft, plush feel and is water absorbent. Commonly used for towels, robes and apparel.

Triblend. A fabric made from 3 types of material

Tricot. A plain warp-knitted fabric of nylon, wool, rayon, silk, or cotton with a close elastic knit. Often used in athletic jerseys or as a lining material.

Triple-Needle Stitched. A finish commonly used on a sleeve or bottom hem that uses three needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching, giving the garment a cleaner, more finished look, as well as adding durability.

Tubular Collar. A collar knit in a tube form, so it has no seams.

Tuck-In Tails. A shirt constructed so the back hem is longer than the front. This aids in keeping the shirt tucked-in during normal activities.

Tuck Stitch. Refers to the look of the knit where some stitches are actually under the other stitches. Gives the shirt a waffle weave texture and look.

Twill. A fabric characterized by micro diagonal ribs producing a soft, smooth finish. Commonly used for casual woven shirts.

Twill Tape. Attached to the inside of the placket for a fashion effect.

Two Ply. A yarn in which its thickness is made up of two layers or strands, adding durability and weight.

Underarm Grommets. Small holes in the armpit area to allow breathability and air circulation.

Unstructured Cap. A headwear term referring to a low profile cap with a naturally low sloping crown. No buckram has been added to the crown for structure.

UV-Protective Fabric. A term used to refer to a fabric that resists the ability of ultraviolet rays to penetrate the fabric. Protects the fabric from fading and the wearer’s skin from UV rays.

V Patch. A section of material in a V shape that is sewn onto a garment directly under the collar, providing support against stretching the neck opening. Also a style detail.

Vents. An opening in a garment which assists breathability and can aid in ease of decoration, allowing the garment to be hooped and embroidered with no visibility on the inside lining of the garment. Some vents are tacked down and are for fashion purposes only.

Waffle Knit. A square pattern knit into a garment.

Waffle Weave. A square pattern woven into a garment.

Washer Nylon. A nylon garment treated with a special finish to produce a crinkled effect.

Waterproof. A term applied to fabrics whose pores have been closed and will not allow water to pass through. Conventional waterproof fabrics are generally coated with chemicals or laminated with a film that closes the pores in fabric.

Waterproof Rating. The waterproof rating is expressed in millimeters (MM) and refers to the amount of water a garment will hold before it leaks.

Water Repellent. A fabric’s ability to cause moisture to bead up and roll off a garment. Not as rigorous a standard as waterproofness. Water repellent fabrics cause water to bead up on their surfaces while allowing insensible perspiration to pass through. Water beads up and rolls off a water-repellent fabric.

Water Resistant. A fabric’s ability to resist moisture. The fabric is treated so that it actually allows water to “bead” and fall off a garment.

Weather Resistant. A loose term referring primarily to a fabric’s wind-resistant and water-repellent properties. Water-resistant fabrics are those that resist the penetration of water. The greater the force of impact as the water hits the fabric surface, the greater the likelihood that it will penetrate the fabric.

Weathered Twill. A special dye process resulting in a softer fabric with a weathered appearance.

Welded Pockets. The technique by which seams are affixed to one another without sticking.

Windshirt. A typically water and wind resistant outerwear piece. Popular for golfers.

Wind Resistant. The ability of a fabric to act against or oppose the penetration of wind or air, without being completely windproof.

Wickability. The ability of a fiber or a fabric to disperse moisture and allow it to pass through to the surface, so that evaporation can take place.

Wicking. Dispersing or spreading of moisture or liquid through a given area by capillary action in a fabric.

Wood Tone Buttons. Buttons that simulate a wood appearance.

Wool. Usually associated with fiber or fabric made from the fleece of sheep or lamb. The term wool can also be applied to all animal hair fibers, including the hair of the Cashmere or Angora goat or the specialty hair fibers of the camel, alpaca, llama or vicuna.

Woven. Fabric constructed by the interlacing of two or more sets of yarns at right angles to each other. Woven fabrics are commonly used for dress shirts and camp shirts.

Wrinkle-Free. The basic process for imparting the wrinkle free finish into fabric involves applying a resin into the fabric, drying and curing at extremely high temperatures to the desired dimension, scouring to remove any residual chemicals, and final drying. The application and curing of wrinkle-free may occur before or after the garments are produced. “Precured wrinkle-free” means that the finish has been applied to the fabric before the garment has been manufactured. Because the “postcure wrinkle-free” means that the finish has been applied after the garment has been manufactured and because the “postcure wrinkle-free” process is set into the final, pressed garment, it is more popular.

Yarn-Dyed. A term used when yarn is dyed prior to the weaving or knitting of the garment.

Yoke. A part of the garment fitted closely to the shoulders. Typically seen on the back as on a dress shirt, but may also be on the front, as on a Western style shirt.

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